Importance of gold mining
Many of the towns in North Eastern Victoria owed their start to the descovery of aluvial gold. See places such as Alexandra, Beechworth, Bright, Buckland, Dargo, Glen Wills, Gobur, Harrietville, Myrtleford, Omeo, Rutherglen, Yackandandah, .
The KellyGang's involvement with gold mining
Hare did some gold mining in the 1850s when he first arrived in Australia (FH)
When the KellyGang needed money they often turned their hand to gold mining.
The mining industry was controlled by local mining boards. Mr William Ward was the Chairman of the Beechworth Mining Board.
The from the arrival of the first Europeans in the area in the late 1830's entail the late 1870's there had been nothing but change. The discovery of gold on Woorajay run in the early 1850's transformed much of north east Victoria.
The KellyGang were doing some gold mining just prior to the Mansfield Murders. The chinese were still looking for gold on the Woolshed and in Reedy Creek near the homes of the Byrne family and Aaron Sherritt in the late 1870s. Chiltern had also been a major gold mining centre. Bright and many other places in the ranges had mined in the past.
Gold was an important part of the currency as well as something that was mined. The value of the currency was tied to the value of gold. This meant that gold could be used to pay accounts and the banks were approved as gold dealers.
Topics covered include
Higginbotham see also (Alexandra25/6/1880)
Isabella Reef (T&C6/4/1872)
[[../places/plS_T/sebastopTx2.html|Napoleon Lead]].- see also (Argus15/8/64).
Madman's Gully.- (Argus15/8/64).
- The Empress '
- Walter Montgomery '
Mopoke Gully.- (Argus15/8/64).
Pennyweight Flat. (Argus15/8/64).
[[../places/plS_T/sebastopTx2.html|Sebastopol]] - See also (Argus15/8/64).
Silver Creek - (Argus15/8/64)
Spring Creek.- (Argus15/8/64).
Sons of Freedom was a famous gold mine in the Woolshed, Reids Creek area (Argus22/1/76)
Ti-Tree see also (Alexandra25/6/1880)
Woods Point (Kilmore21/10/1880)
[[../../places/plU_Z/woorajaySR2.html|Wooragee Flat]].- See also (Argus15/8/64).
Upper Goulburn, Jamieson (Argus31/8/61)
Acheron, near Alexandra
- Lord Nelson Quartz Mining Company
- Hazzard Gold Mining Company
- Eldorado Gold Mining Company
- Homeward Bound Prospecting
- Gleesons Lease
How was the gold mined in the area; detailed description. ([[!!FIXME ../../documents/N70s/76_01_22_2Argus.html|!!MISSING]])
- One-mile Creek.- (Argus15/8/64).
- Two-mile Creek.- (Argus15/8/64).
- Three-mile Creek.- (Argus15/8/64).
- Six mile Creek.- (Argus15/8/64).
- Chinamen Load - (Argus15/8/64).
Black Sand Creek.- (Argus15/8/64).
Dorma was a famous gold mine in the Chiltern, Indigo area (Argus22/1/76)
Cornish Town mine (Argus1/7/79)
Deep Creek. - (Argus15/8/64).
[[../places/plE_G/eldoradoT2.html|Eldorado]].- See also (Argus15/8/64).
Gaffney's Creek (Kilmore21/10/1880)
Ghin Ghin see also (Alexandra2/6/1868)
- The Golconds
- Never Can Tell
- Golden Gate
- Working Miners'
- The Northern Star
- Sons of Freedom
The government had, from the early days after the first discovery of gold imposed a tax upon miners. They needed to have a licence to work their claims. The police were used to check up on the miners. The Eureka stockade incident at Ballarat hand been largely a fight over the unjust way that this system was administered. While the system of licences was reformed over the years there were always problems between miners and police.
Nicolson had to enforce licence hunts amongst the gold miners in the early 1850s
'...There is an instance of the duty we had to perform there which I wish to relate. An order came up from the Government to carry out that obnoxious law, the license law, which still existed, and which we had to put in force. Mr Templeton, who was then a Commissioner of the Goldfields, was selected to perform the disagreeable duty there, and you may know how they were carried out in other districts, and with what result; but in Ballarat Mr. Templeton was chosen as warden, and I was chosen as police officer. I selected fifteen or twenty men, and the men were paraded without arms-I think, without even batons. I dressed myself, avoiding any appearance of fighting, putting on clean gloves, and carrying a light switch. When we came to the Red Hills, where the diggers were in thousands, we turned in amongst them, and sat down in their midst. They were expecting a number of men with bayonets fixed. They came around us, and Mr. Templeton and myself sat down with the men crowding round us, and Mr. Templeton addressed them in a few words, saying we had this duty to carry out, and shore was no intention to annoy or oppress them in any 17-jun-12aw was-it must be obeyed. He expressed himself so appropriately that they all agreed with him, though many, perhaps, had come to kick up a row. The police were then told to go about the duty. They found several men without licenses. Mr. Templeton or I told them merely to take one constable, go up with those men, and tell them to get their friends to bail them out. They went up, and their friends bailed them out, and there was no inconvenience. They were back at their work in a few minutes, and this process was carried on till we had 30 or 40 prisoners; and next day they were before the court in the usual way, and went through all the forms of the law, and the law was carried out; and that was the last collecting of license fees at Ballarat. ...'( RC17129)
Hare worked on the Talbot goldfield near Maryborough in about 1858 Gold Escorts
The police provided armed escorts for the gold from the mining towns to Melbourne and many police including SConst J Kelly spent part of their career doing this work. Sup Hare gives a good idea of what was involved in the workof a gold escort in his book. .